If you think you’re experiencing the signs of an attack, it’s imperative that you simply call your doctor and obtain the medical attention you need immediately.
Heart attacks occur when one or more of your coronary arteries become blocked. Blockage of the arteries can happen suddenly resulting in an acute attack gradually causing various symptoms mentioned as angina. When coronary arteries are blocked, the guts muscle can not receive adequate oxygen-rich blood and cardiac function can become impaired. To avoid irreversible damage to the guts, prompt recognition of attack symptoms is crucial to permit timely treatment.
Here are the foremost common attack symptoms you ought to remember:
1. Chest Pain
Chest pain is that the commonest sign of an attack. While the sensation and site of attack-related pain are difficult to pinpoint, they’re typically described because of the sensation of severe pressure within the area behind the breastbone. Some describe the symptom as if a really heavy object is placed on their chest (“an elephant on the chest”). In many cases, the pain can visit the neck, jaw, and arms (more commonly the left arm). it’s crucial to recollect that although central chest pressure is typical, atypical locations of discomfort (i.e. the back, stomach, or shoulders) also can occur and these symptoms shouldn’t be ignored. Atypical presentations tend to be more common in women.
2. Shortness of Breath
During an attack, the pump function of your heart could also be impaired resulting in shortness of breath. With impaired heart pump function, there’s back pressure transmitted to the lungs resulting in labored breathing. As a result, activities that are normally routine like walking down the block or climbing a flight of stairs could also be related to heavier breathing than usual. In extreme cases, shortness of breath could also be noted with speaking or sitting quietly at rest.
When a cardiac muscle isn’t receiving adequate blood flow, it can become irritable. This irritability can cause irregular heart rhythms (or arrhythmias) which may manifest as palpitations. the feeling of fluttering within the chest, extra heartbeats, or a racing heart are often subtle warning signs of an attack. Palpitations also can cause a sensation of dizziness because the irregular cardiac rhythm can decrease blood flow to the brain. Frequent palpitations are often an ominous wake-up call and will be a precursor to impending asystole.
4. Nausea or Indigestion
A common sensation of an attack is that the feeling of a queasy stomach, belching, or vomiting. These gastric symptoms, referred to as a vagal response, are often triggered when the guts aren’t receiving an appropriate blood supply. A sensation of epigastric or upper abdomen discomfort isn’t uncommon also. This “stomach” discomfort is usually misidentified as acid reflux or “heartburn” and may delay the diagnosis of an attack.
Sweating without exerting yourself could also be a wake-up call of an attack. The medical term wont to ask heart-attack-related sweating is diaphoresis. During an attack, your sympathetic systema nervosum, liable for your “fight or flight” response, is in survival mode and it’s over activation can cause sweating. Often this might manifest as a chilly sweat. it’s rare for diaphoresis to be the only presenting sign of an attack and sweats are usually amid the opposite symptoms discussed above.
What should I do if I’m experiencing signs of a heart attack?
If you think that you simply are experiencing symptoms of an attack, be PROACTIVE and call an ambulance directly. Time is of the essence to prevent irreversible damage to the guts and prompt treatment is crucial.
Heart attacks can occur for a spread of reasons. Ideally, the simplest treatment for an attack is to stop it from occurring in the first place. this might include a change in lifestyle, diet, exercise, and other habits that threaten the health of your heart.
At North Suffolk Cardiology, our physicians are specialists in both the prevention and treatment of heart attacks. We are here to assist you and your heart in sleep in optimal health.